Pull or push? Diatonal or microtonal? Traditional bear hunting celebration or reflections of the cosmos? Antti Paalanen and Veli Kujala prove that the accordion can do it all.
Finland certainly produces very unique accordionists! Where else could an accordion player perform with invisible duet partners, as recently seen in Johanna Juhola’s concert Imaginary Friends? Or create an organ-accordion out of church organ sound samples, like Kimmo Pohjonen has done?
Antti Paalanen and Veli Kujala also have a place in this group of specialist accordionists. Paalanen, who has a folk music background, teases poetry out of his three-row accordion when he is not whipping his “devil’s lungs” into heavy metal action. Veli Kujala uses five-row and microtonal accordions to create tonal works the size of the cosmos, which are balanced by contrasting activities, such as merry jazz romps with the ensemble Gourmet.
In the historical continuum
”You can say that the accordion high jinks had begun in earnest by the time of the 1900s ‘rillumarei’ style accordionists, entertainers who toured around the country, combining music with funny stories to captivate their audiences,” explains Paalanen, who focuses on diatonic accordions which arrived in Finland in the 1800s. “Their repertoire kept the old traditions alive up until the arrival of the folk revival. It wasn’t until the 1980s before diatonic accordion repertoire began to find its own direction.”
Paalanen’s doctoral degree, titled Bursting bellows – Bisonoric accordion’s bellows rhythmics in composition, focused on creating new music for bisonoric accordions and finding new ways for the instrument to evolve further.
As a child, Paalanen learned traditional “pelimanni” music by ear at his local community college. He continued at the Sibelius Academy Folk Music Department where his studies culminated in an artistic doctorate.
“I wanted to discover the primal force of the instrument and the effect that the accordion had on people when the ‘mechanical noise box’ was first introduced into the traditional music scene with fiddles and clarinets,” Paalanen laughs.
“Today, I work with sound designer Samuel Volanto to achieve a similar effect through experimenting with different sound techniques.” In addition, Paalanen has developed a new 3-row accordion, with an original keyboard layout and range, in order to achieve a stronger sound.
”Accordionists used to play the ‘hit’ songs of their time. Now I try to figure out how to use bisonoric accordions to perform music in a way that resonates across different eras. On the other hand, my involvement with performance art has inspired me to abandon any instrument-specific traditions. I play around with these concepts in my music, whether I’m playing traditional pelimanni music with Kiharakolmio, performing my own soloistic music, or playing a prepared accordion in a performance titled ‘Karhunpeijaiset’ (traditional bear hunting celebration), initiated by shaman violinist Tuomas Rounakari.”
Veli Kujala wanted to learn the piano, but his music school suggested another instrument instead: ”I ended up with the accordion by accident!” After graduating from the classical music performance program at the Sibelius Academy, Kujala continued his studies in the doctoral degree program, focusing on new Finnish music for the accordion and commissioning compositions for both solo accordion and ensemble.
Microtonal accordion and works written specifically for the instrument gradually became a part of his degree. Kujala’s written thesis is an accordion instrumentation handbook for composers. Not interested in being exclusively a classical performer, Kujala is known as an active composer and a master of many different styles.
”Improvisation and jazz harmonies first began to intrigue me in high school, and they have followed me ever since. The fascinating thing about improvisation is the uniqueness of each moment. I do like learning written music as well, but improvising provides a more direct route into music, without having to worry about hitting the right notes. It is a good pathway to both contemporary music and Baroque,” he muses.
Kujala tours Central Europe this August together with pianist Jarkko Riihimäki, violinist Benjamin Schmid and tuba player Andreas Hofmeir. “Our repertoire is ‘smack-bang in the middle’, with everything possible from virtuoso violin works to Arvo Pärt and Kurt Weill!” Kujala is also actively involved with other ensembles, including Pipoka, Kalle Kalima K-18 and his jazz combo Gourmet.
Musician with many voices
Antti Paalanen’s poetic solo album Äärelä was a starting point for his doctoral degree.
”Music makers dig deep into themselves for inspiration, trying to portray their feelings and to reflect their own time. With no words to work with, accordionists have to reveal everything through playing”.
Paalanen wanted to find a fresh angle on his meditative playing and ended up discovering his inner alter ego, an aggressive heavy metal head from his teenage years, whose music can be heard on his solo albums Breathbox and Meluta. The latter was nominated for both the Teosto Prize and Nordic Council Music Prize in 2016.
Now Paalanen wants to play music that is cheerful and danceable. “The kind of music that makes you feel good! But being a gloomy Ostrobothnian male, the moments of unearthing that cheerfulness are few and far between, and it tends to be awfully hard work to produce any music out of it!”, he grins. His new album will be released next spring and its first single track “Child in You”, complete with a music video, were pre-released last May, in collaboration with vocalist Haaven and Tsuumi Dance Theatre.
“I always want to build something new around the accordion. This is central also in my composition work. Composing often starts with either harmony or melody, but in my case the process is becoming very instrument-led: what kind of music can the accordion bellows produce if you just let them sound?”
Micro-steps towards something new
Kujala’s composition process is a polar opposite to Paalanen’s: “Instead of using instrument to compose, I stick with pen and paper. My aim is to avoid starting from the elements that come naturally to the instrument, to try to develop my idea beyond that.”
Kujala’s concerto for accordion and big band, titled Thum Bop, will be premiered in September 2017 by the UMO Jazz Orchestra. Last year, his album HyperOrganism was nominated for the Classical Emma Award as well as the Album of the Year by YLE (Finnish Broadcasting Company). The album featured his own compositions, Hyperchromatic Counterpoint for microtonal accordion and multitrack tape and CybOrgan for organ, orchestra and live electronics which were programmed by Kujala and operated by infrared sensors.
“There is a lot of interesting experimenting going on around the accordion, both in Finland and abroad. I hope discovering new things and being innovative will always be part of the process,” Kujala says.
Amanda Kauranne (www.amandakauranne.net) is a folk musician and music journalist who loves the way the accordion breathes.
Translation: Hanna-Mari Latham.
The article originally appeared @ Finnish Music Quarterly, August 2017. The FMQ (Finnish Music Quarterly) has been a showcase in English for Finnish musical culture since 1985. On the new and improved FMQ website you can keep up to date with our newest articles, columns, reviews and topics of the week. Selected articles from our archives 1985-2005 have been posted online, and the selection is continuously being added to (www.fmq.fi/archives).
Photo Credits: (1) Antti Paalanen, (2) Veli Kujala, (3) Kimmo Pohjonen, (4) Johanna Juhola, (5) Finnish Music Quarterly (unknown/website).